Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Geert Hofstede Organization Culture Essay

I. Investigation All of us as of now acknowledges and realizes that we are living in a worldwide age. Innovation has united everybody much. This implies individuals of various societies end up cooperating and imparting to an ever increasing extent. This is energizing, yet it can likewise be baffling and loaded with vulnerability. How would you identify with somebody of another culture? What do you say, or not state, to begin a discussion right? Are there social restrictions that you should know about? Building associations with individuals from around the globe is only one element of social assorted variety. You will likewise need to figure it persuading individuals, organizing activities, and creating procedure. Obviously there are such a large number of inquiry on our head how might we comprehend social contrasts? Is it true that we are consigned to gaining from our slip-ups, or are there summed up rules to follow? Luckily, clinician Dr. Geert Hofstede posed himself this inquiry during the 1970s. W hat rose following a time of exploration and a huge number of meetings is a model of social measurements that has become a universally perceived norm. Before we talk about the hypothesis further additionally let us find out about Geert Hofstede more profound. Geert Hofstede, a broadly known Dutch analyst of culture, has characterized culture as â€Å"the aggregate programming of the psyche which recognizes the individuals from one gathering or class of individuals from another.† During 1978-83, he led point by point interviews with many IBM workers in 53 nations. Through standard measurable investigation of enormous informational indexes, he decided examples of similitudes and contrasts among the answers. From this information investigation, he created five components of culture. During the 1990s, Hofstede distributed consequences of his exploration in distribution Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. At first he created four measurements in culture, however included a fifth measurement in 1991. Besides Hofstede’s social measurements hypothesis is a system for diverse correspondence, created by Geert. It depicts the impacts of a society’s culture on the estimations of its individuals, and how these qualities identify with conduct, utilizing a structure got from factorâ analysis. The hypothesis has been broadly utilized in a few fields as a worldview for research, especially in multifaceted brain research, global administration, and culturally diverse correspondence. The first hypothesis proposed four measurements along which social qualities could be investigated: independence community; vulnerability shirking; power separation (quality of social progressive system) and manliness womanliness (task direction versus individual direction). Autonomous exploration in Hong Kong drove Hofstede to include a fifth measurement, long haul direction, to cover parts of qualities not talked about in the first worldview. In the 2010 release of Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind Hofstede included a 6th measurement, extravagance versus poise, because of co-creator Michael Minkov’s examination of information from the World Values Survey. Before we bounce further, let us see what is simply the recognizable proof of culture as far as Hofstede end, culture to be mental programming of the psyche: each individual conveys inside oneself examples of reasoning; feeling; and potential acting which were found out all through their lifetime (Hofstede, 2005 p4). He recognized 3 layers of mental programming that are: individual, group and all inclusive. In view of these 3 layers he developed his way of life triangle (see figure 1). The Individual level (character) is centered around the psychological programming restrictive to every individual. Hofstede recommends that this level is in any event somewhat acquired. The Collective Level (culture) is centered around the psychological programming that is found out from others, that is explicit to a gathering of individuals. The Universal level (human instinct) is centered around all people, and is additionally likely acquired: senses for endurance and so on. Figure 1: Hofstede’s Culture Triangle With access to individuals working for a similar association in more than 40 nations of the world, Hofstede gathered social information and broke down his discoveries. He at first recognized four particular social measurements that served to recognize one culture from another. Later he included a fifth measurement, and that is the manner by which the model stands today. He scored every nation utilizing a size of around 0 to 100 for each measurement. The higher the score, the more that measurement is displayed in the public eye. The Five Dimensions of Culture Equipped with a huge database of social measurements, Hofstede dissected theâ results and discovered away from of likeness and distinction in the midst of the reactions along these five measurements. Strangely, his exploration was done on workers of IBM just, which permitted him to credit the examples to national contrasts in culture, generally killing the issue of contrasts in organization culture. The five measurements are: 1. Force/Distance (PD) This alludes to the level of disparity that exists †and is acknowledged †among individuals with and without power. Force separation is the degree to which the less amazing individuals from associations and foundations (like the family) acknowledge and expect that force is dispersed unequally.† Cultures that support low force separation expect and acknowledge power relations that are increasingly consultative or fair. A high PD score demonstrates that society acknowledges an inconsistent dissemination of intensity, and that individuals comprehend â€Å"their place† in the framework. Low PD implies that force is shared and all around scattered. It additionally implies that society individuals see themselves as equivalents. Application: According to Hofstede’s model, in a high PD nation, for example, Malaysia (104), you would most likely send reports just to top administration and have shut entryway gatherings where just select amazing pioneers were in part icipation. PD| Characteristics| Tips| High PD| * Centralized organizations. * Strong pecking orders. * Large holes in remuneration, authority, and respect.| * Acknowledge a leader’s power. * Be mindful that you may need to go to the top for answers| Low PD| * Flatter associations. * Supervisors and representatives are considered nearly as equals.| * Use collaboration. * Involve however many individuals as could be allowed in choice making.| 2. Independence (IDV) This alludes to the quality of the ties individuals need to others inside the network. A high IDV score shows free associations. Individuals have huge more distant families, which are utilized as an insurance in return for unquestioning steadfastness. In nations with a high IDV score there is an absence of relational association, and small sharing of obligation past family and maybe a couple of dear companions. A general public with a low IDV score would have solid gathering attachment, and there would be a lot of faithfulness andâ respect for individuals from the gathering. The gathering itself is likewise bigger and individuals assume greater liability for each other’s prosperity. Application: Hofstede’s investigation recommends that in the Central American nations of Panama and Guatemala where the IDV scores are extremely low (11 and 6, individually), a promoting effort that accentuated advantages to the network or that integrated with a famous political development would probably be comprehended and generally welcomed. This discussions about how much a general public sticks with values, customary male and female jobs. Manly cultures’ values are seriousness, emphaticness, realism, aspiration and force, while ladylike societies place more an incentive on connections and personal satisfaction. In manly societies, the contrasts between sex jobs are more sensational and less liquid than in female societies where people have similar qualities underlining humility and mindful. High MAS scores are found in nations where men are relied upon to be â€Å"tough,† to be the supplier, and to be confident. In the event that ladies work outside the home, they will in general have separate callings from men. Low MAS scores don't switch the sex jobs. In a low MAS society, the jobs are basically obscured. You see ladies and men cooperating similarly across numerous callings. Men are permitted to be delicate, and ladies can buckle down for proficient achievement. Application: Japan is exceptionally manly with a score of 95, while Sweden hasâ the most reduced estimated esteem (5). As indicated by Hofstede’s investigation, if you somehow managed to open an office in Japan, you may have more prominent achievement in the event that you delegated a male worker to lead the group and had a solid male dependent upon the group. In Sweden, then again, you would focus in a group that was adjusted as far as aptitude as opposed to sex. MAS| Characteristics| Tips| High MAS| * Men are manly and ladies are ladylike. * There is a very much characterized differentiation between men’s work and women’s work.| * Be mindful that individuals may anticipate that male and female jobs should be particular. * Advise men to abstain from talking about feelings or settling on genuinely based choices or arguments.| Low MAS| * A lady can do anything a man can do. * Powerful and fruitful ladies are appreciated and respected.| * Avoid a â€Å"old boys’ club† attitude. * Ensure work structure and practices are not biased to sex * Treat people equally.| 4. Vulnerability/Avoidance Index (UAI) This identifies with the level of tension that society individuals feel when in dubious or obscure circumstances. High UAI-scoring countries attempt to stay away from uncertain circumstances at whatever point conceivable. It mirrors the degree to which individuals from a general public endeavor to adapt to tension by limiting vulnerability. Individuals in societies with high vulnerability shirking will in general be increasingly enthusiastic. Interestingly, low vulnerability shirking societies acknowledge and feel great in unstructured circumstances or variable situations and attempt to have as hardly any principles as could be expected under the circumstances. Individuals in these societies will in general be increasingly commonsense, they are progressively lenient of changeThey

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Toss A Pebble In A Pond -see The Ripples Now Drop Two Pebbles Close T

Hurl a stone in a lake - see the waves? Presently drop two stones near one another. See what happens when the two arrangements of waves consolidate - you get another wave! At the point when a peak and a trough meet, they counteract and the water goes level. At the point when two peaks meet, they produce one, greater peak. At the point when two troughs impact, they make a solitary, more profound trough. In all honesty, you've quite recently discovered a vital aspect for seeing how a 3D image functions. Be that as it may, what do waves in a lake have to do with those astounding three-dimensional pictures? How do waves make a 3D image resemble the genuine article? Everything begins with light. Without it, you can't see. Furthermore, much like the waves in a lake, light goes in waves. At the point when you take a gander at, state, an apple, what you truly observe are the floods of light reflected from it. Your two eyes each observe a marginally extraordinary perspective on the apple. The se various perspectives enlighten you concerning the apple's profundity - its structure and where it sits according to different articles. Your cerebrum forms this data with the goal that you see the apple, and the remainder of the world, in 3-D. You can check out items, as well - if the apple is hindering the perspective on an orange behind it, you can simply move your head to the other side. The apple appears to move off the beaten path so you can see the orange or even the rear of the apple. In the event that that appears to be somewhat self-evident, simply have a go at glancing behind something in a normal photo! You can't, on the grounds that the photo can't recreate the interminably muddled rushes of light reflected by objects; the focal point of a camera can just center those waves into a level, 2-D picture. Be that as it may, a multi dimensional image can catch a 3-D picture so similar that you can check out the picture of the apple to an orange out of sight - and's everythi ng on account of the exceptional sort of light waves delivered by a laser. Typical white light from the sun or a light is a blend of each shade of light in the range - a mush of various waves that is pointless for multi dimensional images. In any case, a laser sparkles light in a flimsy, serious pillar that is only one shading. That implies laser light waves are uniform and in sync. At the point when two laser bars cross, similar to two arrangements of waves meeting in a lake, they produce a solitary new wave design: the multi dimensional image. Here's the manner by which it occurs: Light originating from a laser is part into two pillars, called the item shaft and the reference bar. Spread by focal points and ricocheted off a mirror, the article pillar hits the apple. Light waves reflect from the apple towards a photographic film. The reference shaft makes a beeline for the film without hitting the apple. The two arrangements of waves meet and make another wave design that hits the film and uncovered it. On the film everything you can see is a mass of dull and light twirls - it doesn't resemble an apple by any stretch of the imagination! Be that as it may, sparkle the laser reference pillar through the film again and the example of twirls twists the light to re-make the first reflection waves from the apple - precisely. Not all visualizations work along these lines - some utilization plastics rather than photographic film, others are obvious in ordinary light. Yet, all multi dimensional images are made with lasers - and new waves. All Thought Up and No Place to Go Holograms were developed in 1947 by Hungarian researcher Dennis Gabor, however they were overlooked for a considerable length of time. Why? In the same way as other extraordinary thoughts, Gabor's hypothesis about light waves was relatively revolutionary. The lasers expected to create clean waves - and in this manner clean 3-D pictures - weren't concocted until 1960. Gabor authored the name for his p hotographic procedure from holos and gramma, Greek for the entire message. But for over 10 years, Gabor had just a large portion of the words. Gabor's commitment to science was perceived finally in 1971 with a Nobel Prize. He has an opportunity for a last snicker, as well. An ideal holographic picture of the late researcher gazing upward from his work area with a grin could continue tricking watchers into saying

Wednesday, August 12, 2020

Imagery Rehearsal Treatment for Nightmares Related to PTSD

Imagery Rehearsal Treatment for Nightmares Related to PTSD PTSD Treatment Print Imagery Rehearsal for Nightmares Related to PTSD By Matthew Tull, PhD twitter Matthew Tull, PhD is a professor of psychology at the University of Toledo, specializing in post-traumatic stress disorder. Learn about our editorial policy Matthew Tull, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on August 05, 2016 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD Updated on August 01, 2019 Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes & Risk Factors Treatment Living With In Children digitalskillet/E/Getty Images If you have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), then you know that nightmares can have a tremendous negative impact on your life. In fact, nightmares are considered the most commonly reported symptoms among people with PTSD. Nightmares can greatly interfere with your amount and quality of sleep and can cause high levels of anxiety. Nightmares are also often unaffected by standard treatments for PTSD. Because of this, specialized treatment for nightmares has been developed. One such treatment is Imagery Rehearsal Therapy (or IRT). What Is IRT? IRT is considered a cognitive-behavioral treatment. In a nutshell, IRT uses techniques that help people with PTSD rescript or alter the endings of their nightmares while they are awake. When you come up with an alternative, less distressing outcome, nightmares can become less upsetting and debilitating. How Does IRT Work? In IRT, you will be presented with information on sleep, nightmares, and what IRT entails. You will also learn how to monitor your nightmares. Your therapist will help you come up with detailed, alternative, non-distressing endings for nightmares that youve experienced. While awake, you can rehearse each nightmare with the altered ending. IRT is a time-limited therapy, meaning that there is a defined duration of treatment. One reason for this is that IRT is focused specifically on nightmares and sleep difficulties. It doesnt really address other symptoms of PTSD. Therefore, if you are seeking out treatment for a variety of PTSD symptoms, you may want a more comprehensive treatment, such as exposure therapy. Does IRT Really Work? Several studies have been completed to examine whether IRT reduces nightmares in PTSD sufferers. One 2008 study looked at 15 male U.S. veterans with PTSD who were having trauma-induced nightmares. Each had not already completed trauma-focused PTSD treatment but had attended six IRT group sessions. While no benefits were observed right after treatment, at three and six-month follow-up appointments the participants said trauma-related nightmares had become less frequent. Other studies have generally found that IRT is successful in reducing the frequency and intensity of nightmares, as well as PTSD symptoms. IRT has also been found to reduce insomnia. Where Can I Find Someone Who Offers IRT or Other Therapies? You can learn more about IRT at the National Center for PTSD, which also provides a resource for finding cognitive behavioral therapists in your area who may offer IRT. If you have a hard time finding someone familiar with IRT, you can also consider one of these similar types of therapy: Lucid Dreaming Therapy A technique that helps dreamers to become aware of their dreams as they are occurring, and make intentional changes during their dreams. Sleep Dynamic Therapy according to an article in the Journal of Sleep Medicine, is an integrated program combining standard clinical sleep medicine instructions including sleep quality and sleep hygiene with psychotherapeutic interventions using principles of CBT like stimulus control, IRT, etc. Self-Exposure Therapy A process by which the patient makes a list of his or her most problematic dreams and then thinks through those dreams on a daily basis, starting with the least anxiety-provoking.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Essay on Understanding Christianity - 1494 Words

To understand Christianity, it is necessary to understand who Saul was and what his career on earth consisted of. Aside from Jesus Christ, Saul has been the most important figure in the history of religion, and has influenced every believer to this day. His career was more a calling, or was considered to be more of a life style because it was his passion and it was what he loved doing. Jesus was not the founder of Christianity as we know it today. Most of the New Testament doesnt even concern the historical Jesus while the main influence is the Apostle Paul and through the church he founded at Ephesus a Greek convert named John. Saul never met Jesus in the flesh, he only claimed some strange vision and proceeded to paganism the teachings†¦show more content†¦When Saul was in his mid-twenties he went home to Tarsus. Saul left Jerusalem with the knowledge and experiences he learned from Gamaliels school. Saul was raised and educated in the Jewish faith and was a greatly intell igent man who lived to destroy the spread if the Gospel of Jesus Christ. He received many letters from the high priest authorizing him as an agent of the high priests to oppress the spread of the Gospel by arresting and prosecuting every believer of Jesus Christ. On a journey from Jerusalem, as he walks towards Damascus (Acts 22), ready to take as prisoner any who persist in this new sect, a voice from heaven demands: Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me? Who are you, Lord? he asks. I am Jesus, and you are persecuting me. Get up...and you will be told what you have to do. . The magnitude of the light was so intense that Saul became blind. Deeply shaken, Saul sets out to discover himself and his identity. He goes to Ananias, as God directs him to do. Ananias asks God if he has perhaps not make a mistake: Lord, this man has done much harm to your saints in Jerusalem and also here.... But the Lord replies that Saul is the instrument I have chosen to bring my name before pagans and pa gan kings and before the people of Israel (cf. Acts 9:4-16; 22:3-21; 26:9-18). God has a specific plan for the life of Saul. Jesus later tells Paul,...get up and stand on your feet, for I haveShow MoreRelatedUnderstanding The Face Of Christianity1746 Words   |  7 Pagesmeaning and purpose in human existence is provided on a human scale. Humanists have faith that we can provide all the meaning we need ourselves, from our concerns, out of our own ideas and philosophies. This paper will reinforce how in the face of Christianity these meanings and purposes dissolve into absolute and utter insignificance. Christainity, on the other hand gives a more solid and substanitial foundation in that it teaches the exact opposite of these things. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Science Lab Report Free Essays

Science Lab Report INTRODUCTION |NAME: LORRAINE |LAB PARTNER: KAREN HO | |LAB EXPERIMENT: TESTING OSMOSIS WITH A POTATO |LAB DATE: NOV. 23rd / 2012 | |CLASS: Y-11-C |PERIOD:C | OBJECTIVE The weight of the potato slices will increase, decrease, or remain the same? HYPOTHESIS There will be no net movement of water molecules into or out of the potato. MATERIALS LIST Large potato | |Cutters (in the shape of a fish) | |3 small beakers or clear dishes | |3 glass covers | |Sucrose solution | |Salt | |Distilled water | |Paper towel | pic] PROCEDURE 1. We will write a custom essay sample on Science Lab Report or any similar topic only for you Order Now Add 200ml of distilled water, 40ml sucrose solution and 5g salt into three beakers respectively. Record the solutions concentrations, volumes, and weights. ?Use a cutter to cut the potato to the similar size. Record the weight of pieces potato. ?Put the three potatoes slice into each beaker. Cover the beakers with glass covers and leave them for 48 hours. ?Carefully remove the potato slices from the distilled water solution pat it dry on a paper towel. Weight the potato slices immediately. Record the final weight of the pieces. ?Clean up the equipment area and return materials to their proper place. DATA AND/OR OBSERVATIONS |Potato slices weight (Before)|Material | Distilled water |Potato slices weight (After) | | | |(Quantitative) | | |? 21g |Sucrose solution 40ml |200ml |21. 5g | |? 2g |X |200ml |23g | |? 21g |Salt 5g |200ml |20g | USE TIME: 48 hours RESULTS We can Observe that the slice placed in salt is very flexible, while the slice placed in sucrose solution is flexible, but less so. Since potatoes already have sugar, less water will diffuse out of the potato placed in sucrose solution water. The slice placed in water will be rigid, since it will absorb water. ANALYSIS ERROR ? The glass can not cover the beakers well, so the data value that we got was too close. ?We used a big size of cylinder (500ml) to measure the sucrose solution and distilled water. |150ml water ; potato weight (before/after) 20g /24g | |150ml water ; potato weight (before/after) 20g/13. 5g | |(^ with 15g salt) | I compared with Evan’s group, our results roughly the same. CONCLUSION The water molecules move towards higher concentrations of the solution. That means that if the water outside the cell is saltier than the water inside, water will move from the inside of the cell to the outside. As the water left the cell it was much like letting the air out of a balloon. As more and more of the cells lost water, the slice of potato became soft and flexible. (the potato in water with sucrose solution just on the contrary. ) How to cite Science Lab Report, Essay examples

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Buying Electric Vehicles in Australia

Question: Discuss about the Buying Electric Vehicles in Australia. Answer: According to Tucker (2016), the majority of electric cars sold in Australia are purchased by commercial buyers. In 2015, only 2000 EVs were sold, compared to the 1.1 million new petrol and diesel powered cars sold during the same period (Tucker, 2016). This occurrence can be best explained by the concept of price elasticity of demand. The demand for electric cars follows the law of demand which stipulates that the higher the price of the product the fewer consumers are willing to purchase the product. Thus, given that the prices for EVs are much higher than the prices of traditional motor vehicles, consumers are more reluctant to shift to the new product. Typically, the price elasticity of demand is affected by the existence of substitutes and the proportion of consumers income that is spent on the product. Characteristically, EVs have a high elasticity of demand (Fan Hyndman, 2010). Mainly, this is because the commodity is considered as a luxury good whose purchase can be postponed to a later date. Besides, there are various alternative and cheaper substitutes that the consumer can buy instead of the highly priced EVs. The high demand elasticity for the EVs has resulted in minimal sales to individual customers who prefer cheaper petrol powered cars. In contrast, commercial buyers opt to buy the products and resale them later to prospective buyers at a greater profit. The existing luxury car tax has a significant influence on the EV market. Ordinarily, high taxes are a great disincentive to individuals seeking to purchase any form of goods. Typically, taxes increase the cost of buying a product by increasing the price payable for the product. Thus, the luxury car tax imposed on EV cars imposes enormous costs to the purchaser. As such, the tax leads to a higher upfront purchase price, thereby discouraging potential buyers from purchasing the product (Duff, 2015). It is noteworthy that while other countries offer stamp duty reductions for EV purchases, there are no such provisions in Australia. In addition, the Australian government provides no federal tax incentives for consumers to purchase EV cars (Tucker, 2016). Consequently, this has significantly suppressed the demand for electric vehicles in the country as most individuals find them too expensive compared to the alternative petrol cars. Reports indicate that dealers do not want to sell electric vehicles to the Australian population (Tucker, 2016). By and large, this situation is attributed to the cost structure and potential revenue loss resulting from the acceptance of EVs into the Australian economy. Specifically, EVs have generally low servicing requirements that are less costly than the traditional diesel or petrol powered cars (Hills, 2014). Ordinarily, most mechanical failures and maintenance costs arise from the combustion engine of the gasoline powered cars. Interestingly, these mechanical failures cost the consumers a lot of money which act as the primary source of revenue and profits for most dealers (Howard 2013). But, the electric vehicle technology is designed with few moving parts, and their servicing costs are minimal (Tucker, 2016). In turn, this creates a financial conflict of interest and acts as a disincentive to dealers, who opt not to sell EVs in the Australian market. It is rational to think that the EV market will expand and prosper in the future given the changes in the resource market. At the moment, the primary substitutes to electric cars are the traditional locomotives which fully rely on petrol or diesel power. Given the trend characterised by continuously rising oil prices caused by cyclical fluctuations in the supply of the commodity, maintaining gasoline-powered vehicles may become quite expensive in the future. Subsequently, the high oil prices will force consumers to seek alternative products that do not require petrol or diesel. In turn, this will lead to an upsurge in demand for EVs in the country. Additionally, government policies with regard to the environment will lead to an increase in demand for EVs. Particularly, strict anti-pollution laws and anti-emission regulations will force manufacturers to reduce their production of traditional vehicles and move towards the production of environmentally sustainable cars. What is more, adopting zero emission vehicle ownership incentives for car owners will create an inducement for individuals to purchase EVs. In turn, this will intensify the demand for electric cars. Most importantly, the change in tastes and preferences of consumers for environmentally friendly vehicles will lead to the prosperity of the EV market (Tucker, 2016). Consumers habits and mentality are changing as they can discern the numerous advantages that come with the ownership of EVs. As such, consumer awareness as to the effectiveness and eco-friendliness of this technology has increased significantly. Consequently, this is bound to increase the demand for electric vehicles. It is worth noting that accelerating the pace and the growth of the EV market requires a coordinated and dedicated action by the government, manufacturers, dealers and consumers (Glerum et. al.). First, the Australian government should enact supportive policies that will guarantee that EV purchasers can get the full economic value of their choice to shift from the traditional model cars to electric cars. Additionally, the government should provide substantial tax incentives and deductions for EV ownership and purchases. Fundamentally, this move will lead to a significant reduction in the overall price of the product. In turn, this will motivate and entice reluctant individuals to purchase electric vehicles, thereby expanding the market. Likewise, the government should offer buyers considerable zero emission vehicle ownership incentives to encourage individuals to shift the to the eco-friendly electric vehicle technology (Harvey, 2013). Notably, the incentive has been adopted in countries like the US and Europe and has worked magnificently to improve and expand the EV market in these economies. The government in collaboration with EV manufacturers could also set up enabling infrastructure to ensure that EV owners have adequate access to ultra-fast charging stations. By so doing, they will guarantee that EV owners will have convenience without the fear of running out of charge. References Duff, C. (2014). Why Australians aren't buying electric cars - yet. Cars Guide. Retrieved 3 January 2017, from Fan, S. Hyndman, R. (2011). The price elasticity of electricity demand in South Australia (1st ed., pp. 1-17). Clayton, Victoria: Business and Economic Forecasting Unit, Monash University. Retrieved from Glerum, A., Stankovikl, L., Themans, M. Bierlaire, M. (2013). Forecasting the demand for electric vehicles: accounting for attitudes and perceptions (1st ed., pp. 12-24). Ecole Polythenique Feredale de Harvey, D. (2013). Exploring the adoption of EVs in the US, Europe and China; charging scenarios and infrastructure. Green Car Congress. Retrieved 3 January 2017, from Hills, G. (2014). Electric car maker Tesla charges into the Australian market with Model S. ABC. Retrieved 3 January 2017, from Howard, B. (2013). EVs are better and cheaper, so why arent they selling? (Actually, they are). Extreme Tech. Retrieved 3 January 2017, from Tucker, H. (2016). Why Australian dealers don't want to sell electric cars. Business Insider Australia. Retrieved 3 January 2017, from